Charlemont House -
Charlemont House was leased by Charles Evanson from Nicholas G. Allen at the time of Griffith's Valuation, when it was valued at £20. It was included in the sale of Evanson property in the Landed Estates Court in November 1862. It is still extant.
Caulfeild (Hon Henry) -
In the mid 19th century the Honourable Henry Caulfeild, second son of the 1st Earl of Charlemont, owned an estate in the parishes of Athleague, Kilmeane and Rahara, barony of Athlone, county Roscommon, amounting to over 1,200 acres. He died in 1862 and was succeeded by his eldest son James Molyneux, who became the 3rd Earl of Charlemont following the death of his uncle in 1863.
In the 1870s John Calvert Stronge of Mount Temple, Clontarf and Tynan Abbey, county Armagh, solicitor to the Board of Inland Revenue, owned an estate of 1,406 acres in county Roscommon. In 1848 he married Lady Margaret Caulfield, sister of the 3rd Earl of Charlemont and in 1885 he succeeded his brother as 4th baronet.
The Neale -
An early 18th century house, with a number of follies designed by Lord Charlemont. Wilson refers to it as "the superb and beautiful seat of Sir John Browne" in 1786. It was occupied by the Reverend James Cromie, brother-in-law of the 2nd Baron and his family, for most of the first half of the 19th century. The house was valued at £25 at the time of Griffith's Valuation. It was sold in the 1930s and most of the house is now demolished.
Smith (Ross) -
In 1700 Thomas Smith, in partnership with James Naper, bought the Ross estate in county Galway from Colonel John Browne of Westport, county Mayo. Smith's interest became vested in George Boleyn Whitney to whom the Berminghams and later the Earls of Leitrim paid headrent. Details of the tenure of the Earls of Charlemont and Leitrim with regard to the Naper and Smith moieties is given in the sale rental of 28 June 1860.
Higgins (Clonbur) -
At the time of Griffith's Valuation Michael Higgins of Rusheen West close to the village of Clonbur, barony of Ross, county Galway held a house valued at £8.10 shillings from the Earls of Leitrim and Charlemont and the townland of Tawnaleen amounting to 1,399 acres from the Provost and Fellows of Trinity College. In the 1870s Michael Higgins of Rusheen, Clonbur, owned 1,399 acres in county Galway.
Clements & Caulfield -
The Rosshill estate in the parishes of Ross, Cong and Ballinchalla, barony of Ross, county Galway, was inherited by the Earls of Leitrim and Charlemont through their marriages with the two heiresses of William Bermingham who died in 1799. The Fair family of Clonbur were for many years agents for the Rosshill estate. Apparently the estate was put up for sale in June 1860 to buy out the Charlemont interest and part of it was sold, mainly to the Guinness family. The remainder stayed in the possession of the Clements' family until the early 20th century. It appears to have been augmented by some purchases from the Landed Estates' Court including the Gildea estate in the parish of Ross in 1865 and in the 1870s the estate amounted to over 18,000 acres. The 3rd Earl of Leitrim left his estate in the barony of Ross to his cousin Colonel Henry Theophilus Clements of Ashfield Lodge, county Cavan and not to his nephew and successor the 4th Earl of Leitrim. By March 1916 Henry J.B. Clements had accepted an offer from the Congested Districts' Board for the purchase of his estate in counties Mayo and Galway. http://www.nli.ie/pdfs/mss%20lists/leitrim.pdf
Bermingham/Birmingham (Rosshill) -
Colonel John Browne owned a substantial estate in the barony of Ross, county Galway, at the end of the 17th century, which the trustees for the sale of his estates sold to James Naper and Thomas Smith in June 1700. The estate was immediately leased back to Peter Browne, son and heir of the Colonel. During the 18th century Peter Browne's lease (renewable for ever) of the estate became vested in the descendants of his sister Elizabeth who had married John Bermingham, a cousin of Baron Athenry. In the 19th century the estate became the joint property of the Earls of Leitrim and Charlemont through their marriages with the daughters and heiresses of William Bermingham of Ross, who died in 1799.
In 1700 James Naper of Drewstown, county Meath, in partnership with Thomas Smith, bought the Ross estate in county Galway from Colonel John Browne of Westport, county Mayo. Naper's interest became vested in James Lennox Dutton and subsequently in his son Lord Sherborne to whom the Berminghams and later the Earls of Leitrim paid headrent. Details of the tenure of the Earls of Charlemont and Leitrim with regard to the Naper and Smith moieties is given in the sale rental of 28 June 1860. By the early 1860s the Naper interest was vested in Lord Dunsany and his trustees advertised it for sale in the Landed Estates' Court in 1863.
Adderley (Innishannon) -
Thomas Adderley (1712-1791), son of Francis Adderley of Innishannon, county Cork and Elizabeth Fowkes and descendant of Edward Adderley and his wife Mary Hale of Innishannon and Alderley, Gloucestershire, was a politician and developer of the linen industry. He married firstly the widow of the 3rd Viscount Charlemont and secondly Margaret Bourke of Oory, county Mayo and was related to many of the influential families of the 18th century - Loftus, Gardner, Bernard for example. He held an estate in the Innishannon locality which became heavily encumbered following the succession of his son Edward Hale Adderly (died 1870 aged 100) and was acquired by the Frewens pre Griffith's Valuation. see http://www.innishannonschool.com/history16a.htm
Caulfeild (Copsewood) -
Major General James Caulfeild (1786-1852) was a younger son of John Caulfeild, Archdeacon of Kilmore, grandnephew of the 2nd Viscount Charlemont. He followed a military career, retiring in 1841 at the rank of Major General. He worked for the East India Company. By the time of Griffith's Valuation the General held a large estate in the barony of Kenry, parishes of Kilcornan, Adare, Chapelrussell and Kildimo, previously part of the estate of the Earl of Charleville. Father McCormack writes that he bought his estate of 2,000 acres from the Burys for £51,592 in 1845. In the 1870s his widow, Annie Caulfeild of Copswood, Pallaskenry, owned 3,350 acres in county Limerick. The General's son died at sea and his daughters married into the Royse, Hunt and Purdon families. see http://www.salesiancollege.ie/about.htm
Caulfeild (Dunamon) -
The Dunamon estate was held under a lease for 500 years from John King, Lord Kingston to Thomas Caulfeild, dated 1 May 1688. The estate proprietor in the late 18th century was Colonel John Caulfeild of Donamon, who was a younger son of the Reverend Charles Caulfeild, and a grandson of William Caulfeild 2nd Viscount Charlemont. In 1828 St. George Caulfeild and Col William Caulfeild were members of the Grand Panel of county Roscommon. In the mid 19th century the Caulfeild estate was in the parishes of Ballynakill, Dunamon and Oran, barony of Ballymoe and Kilbride, barony of Ballintober South, Kilbride and Lissonuffy, barony of Roscommon, county Roscommon. In the 1870s St George Caulfeild owned 4,604 acres in county Galway, 6,632 acres in county Roscommon and smaller acreages in counties Kilkenny, Tipperary (824 acres) and Tyrone. On 21 Mar 1912 over 10,800 acres in county Roscommon belonging to A. St George Caulfeild were vested in the Congested Districts' Board. Much of the Caulfeild estate in county Galway was transferred to county Roscommon when the county border changed in 1898.
In 1677 Peter Pilley was granted over 800 acres in county Galway (baronies of Longford and Clonmacnowen), 978 acres in county Roscommon (baronies of Ballintober, Roscommon and Athlone) and 649 acres in county Clare. At the time of Grifftith's Valuation Mrs Pelly and Louisa and Alicia Pelly held land in the parishes of Fuerty, Killinvoy and St Johns, barony of Athlone and in the parish of Roscommon, barony of Ballintober South, county Roscommon. In the 1870s Mrs Louisa Pelly of 5 Charlemont Terrace, Kingstown, county Dublin, owned over 1,500 acres in county Roscommon. In 1828, Lieutenant Colonel Raymond Pelly, of Ballybride, was a member of the Grand Panel of county Roscommon. On 25 October 1864 the lands of Ardkell, parish of Roscommon, were leased by Arthur Raymond Pelly to members of the Mennons family. Cornelius Pelly of Kill, county Galway married Mary daughter of Michael Kelly of Kelly's Grove. Their son Michael Pelly of Heronsbrook [Hearnesbrook], Killimer married Honoria Guinan and one of their sons Hyacinth Albert Pelly and his wife Charity Maria O'Ferral Matthews were the parents of Cornelius James Pelly (1908 –1985), an Irish diplomat.
Michael's brother Cornelius Pelly was a landowner in county Cork and Auditor of the Local Government Board. In the 1870s his addresses were Rathduane, county Cork and Dublin and he owned 1,393 acres in county Cork at this time.
Local sources suggest that the Evanson family in West Cork descend from Lieutenant Nathaniel Evanson who was granted an estate of 2,373 acres in the barony of West Carbery, county Cork in 1666. Rev. A. Evanson and Richard T. Evanson were among the principal lessors in the parish of Durrus, barony of West Carbery, at the time of Griffith's Valuation. Rev. William Evanson was also a lessor in the parish of Kilcrohane and Rev. Allan Evanson in the parish of Kilmocomoge, barony of Bantry, at the same time. Lands owned by members of the Evanson family and others, in the parishes of Carrigaline and Durrus, were offered for sale in the Landed Estates Court in November 1862. The sale included Charlemont House. This property was held under a lease from the Allen family dating from 1800.
In the 1870s, Revs, Charles, Robert and Richard Evanson of Llansory rectory, Monmouthshire, Wales, owned over 2000 acres in county Cork. In 1858 Michael Hungerford Morris married Elizabeth Burrows Evanson, daughter of Richard Tonson Evanson and in the 1870s Michael H. Morris of Durrus owned 1,157 acres in county Cork. http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/surnames.beamish/111/mb.ashx
Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness of the famous brewing family began to purchase Connacht estates for sale in the Encumbered Estates' Court from 1852. He bought the Ashford estate from Lord Oranmore and Browne, the Doon estate from Sir Richard O'Donel, the Cong estate from Alexander Lambert, part of the Rosshill estate from Lords Charlemont and Leitrim, parts of Connemara from Christopher St George and Kylemore from a banking consortium in 1859. Guinness acquired lands in county Kerry in the 1850s and was a principal lessor in the parish of Kilcrohane, barony of Dunkerron South at the time of Griffith's Valuation. He bought the Elwood estate of Strandhill, just across the river from Ashford, Cong, in 1871 and Lord Kilmaine sold him Inishdoorus, islands on Lough Corrib and lands in the barony of Ross, part of Nymphsfield in 1875. William Burke of Lisloughry was his agent. Arthur Guinness (1840-1915) was granted the title Baron Ardilaun in 1880. In the 1870s Arthur Guinnes owned 19,944 acres in county Galway, 3,747 acres in county Mayo and smaller acreages in counties Wicklow and Dublin. In 1906 Lord Ardilaun's estate held over 1700 acres of untenanted demesne land at Moyode, Loughrea as well as the mansion house at Moyode. By March 1916 final offers had been accepted from the Congested Districts' Board for over 2000 acres of the Guinness estate in county Mayo and for almost 28,000 acres in county Galway. The Board paid £50,000 for the Galway acreage. An offer had also been accepted for the purchase of the Aran Islands by the Board. The Guinness and St Lawrence families had inherited the Aran Islands from the Digbys through the Barfoots. The Guinness family retained Ashford Castle and the surrounding woods until 1939 when the property was sold to the Irish Government.