Sullivan (Tullylease & Curramore) -
A Gaelic family who dropped the 'O' from O'Sullivan and became Sullivan in the early 18th century. They descend from John Sullivan who married in 1714 Mary Herne/Aherne of Hernsbrook, county Limerick and were involved in coal mining in the parish of Killagholehane. One of their grandsons was Major James Sullivan of Chesterfield, near Newcastle West, county Limerick. Other family members held townlands in the parish of Killagholehane, barony of Glenquin, county Limerick at the time of Griffith's Valuation and in the parish of Tullylease, barony of Duhallow, county Cork. In the 1870s John Jeremiah Sullivan of Curranmore owned 1,511 acres in county Limerick while his cousin the Reverend John Sullivan of Tullylease owned 607 acres in county Cork.
Hajba writes that the Morgans [Morgells] had an interest in this house through marriage with the Sullivans. Occupied by John Sullivan in 1814 and partly rebuilt by William Sullivan in the 1830s. Occupied by William Sullivan in the early 1850s and held from the representatives of Crosbie Morgel, when it was valued at £15.15 shillings. Acquired by James Lynch at the end of the 19th century and restored by the present owners.
O'Leary (Cork) -
In the mid 19th century Patrick O'Leary held land in the parish of Tullylease, barony of Orrery and Kilmore, and Richard O'Leary in the parish of Inchigeelagh, barony of West Muskerry, county Cork. Goodwin O'Leary, who held lands in the parish of Grenagh, barony of Barretts, county Cork, was the proprietor of over 500 acres in county Kerry in the 1870s. These county Kerry lands were in the parish of Kilcummin.
Green (Airhill) -
Hajba writes that this family were established at Airhill by 1734. In 1804 Thomas Green married Mary daughter of James Sullivan of Ballintober, county Limerick. Their daughter Susan married her cousin William Sullivan of Tullylease, county Limerick, and their son James Sullivan Green eventually succeeded to the Airhill estate. Griffith's Valuation records James Green holding land in the parish of Glanworth. James Sullivan Green, a barrister, of Airhill and Dublin, owned 757 acres in county Cork and 63 acres in county Limerick in the 1870s.
The Morgell family descend from Thomas Morgell who married Melian O'Callaghan in 1733. They had at least two daughters who married into the Blennerhassett and Sullivan families and a son Crosbie Morgell who married Mary Hickson in 1775. Crosbie Morgell was Member of Parliament for Tralee, county Kerry. His daughter Anne married Sir Barry Denny in 1794. Anne's second husband was General Sir John Floyd by whom she had 3 daughters one of whom married Robert Peel. The Reverend Crosbie Morgell was a clergyman in England in the first half of the 19th century. The representatives of Crosbie Morgell owned 6 townlands in the parish of Tullylease, barony of Duhallow, county Cork, in the early 1850s. The representatives of the Reverend Crosbie Morgell owned 449 acres in county Cork in the 1870s. The Sullivans held Tullylease House from the Morgells to whom they were related.
Mrs Anne Morgill with an address "on Continent" owned 656 acres in county Tipperary in the 1870s. Major Morgill held land in the parish of Holycross, barony of Eliogarty, county Tipperary at the time of Griffith's Valuation.
Coote (Ash Hill & Bearforest) -
The Cootes of Ash Hill and Mount Coote, county Limerick, were descended from a younger brother of Sir Charles Coote, Earl of Mountrath. In 1666 Chidley Coote was granted almost 3,000 acres in counties Limerick and Kerry. The Cootes of Ash Hill married members of the Evans (Lord Carbery), Purdon and Carr families and eventually Charles Henry Coote of the Ash Hill family succeeded the last Earl of Mountrath as 9th Baronet in 1802. Charles Purdon Coote, a grandson of the 9th Baronet's younger brother Robert Carr Coote, owned 4,510 acres in county Cork and had seats at Ballyclough Castle and Bearforest, Mallow in the late 19th century. In the early 1850s the estate of his father, Charles P. Coote, was located in the parishes of Tullylease, Ballyclogh and Kilmaclenine, baronies of Duhallow and Orrery and Kilmore.
Henry Wrixon of Assolas was the father of William Wrixon who married Mary Becher in 1778. Their son, William, was created a baronet in 1831 as Sir William Wrixon Becher. At the time of Griffith's Valuation a relative, John Wrixon, held land in the parishes of Kilbrin, Knocktemple and Tullylease, while Henry Wrixon held land in the parishes of Castlemagner, Clonfert, Tullylease and Knocktemple, all in the barony of Duhallow, county Cork. In June 1852 the estate of Henry Vowel Wrixon (died 1877), amounting to 603 acres at Farrankelly, Ballinla, Aughrim Upper and Lower, barony of Orrery and Kilmore, was advertised for sale. In the mid 1870s Henry Wrixon of Paris is recorded as the owner of 1,008 acres in county Cork. Part of the lands of Aughrim and houses in the city of Cork were advertised for sale in July 1864, the city premises were puchased by Messers. Howe, Goold and Baker and Dr. Edward Townsend while the lands of Aughrim were bought in trust by Mr. Swift. Further premises in Cork city were sold in 1865. In February 1854 a quarter share of the demesne and lands of Blossomfort, the estate of Edward Wrixon, were advertised for sale. Blossomfort was originally leased to John Wrixon by Bartholomew Purdon in 1721. The whole demesne amouted to 545 acres and was partitioned in 1853. John Nicholas Wrixon, H.V.Wrixon and Charles Wrixon held the other three quarters. In March 1856 the demesne of Cecilstown and Ballinamona was advertised for sale, the estate of Thomas Tangney, assignee of Henry Wrixon. The original lease "for ever" was from Henry Wrixon of Assolas to John Wrixon of Cecilstown, 10 Dec 1779. The Freeman's Journal reported that the property was purchased by Mr. Wrixon for almost £3000. An extensive family history of both the Becher and Wrixon families is given by Grove White and published in the ''Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society'' (1907) under Ballygiblin.
Mason (Cooleen & Cappanihane) -
At the time of the first Ordnance Survey Richard Mason held the townland of Cappanihane (772 acres), parish of Corcomohide, barony of Connello Upper, county Limerick. John Mason was the immediate lessor of the townland at the time of Griffith's Valuation. The 994 acre estate of John Mason, Walker Jackson Mason and Myles Jackson Mason in the barony of Connello Upper, including the houses Lisduane and Glenbrooke, was advertised for sale in January and June 1854. The rental included lithographs of both houses. Walker Jackson Mason fourth son of Richard Mason of Cappanihane died in 1882 and Mary Mason of Glenbrooke, widow of Miles Jackson Mason and fourth daughter of John Sullivan of Tullylease, county Cork, died in 1880. In the mid 19th century William Hart(e) Mason held a small estate closeby at Cooleen, parish of Bruree, barony of Coshma. In the 1870s he is recorded as owning 190 acres in the county. In 1854 he married Alice Bevan of the Camass family. In 1882 Joseph Mason died in Australia, he was a son of Joseph Mason of Cooleen and a grandson of Sir Richard Harte of Coolrus, county Limerick.
Allen (Clashanure & Liscongill) -
The Allens were Elizabethan settlers in county Cork. Richard Allen was established at Greenfield, parish of Clonfert, barony of Duhallow, by the beginning of the 18th century. At the time of Griffith's Valuation his descendant, William Allen of Liscongill, held an estate in the parishes of Clonfert and Tullylease, barony of Duhallow. John Allen and others were among the principal lessors in the parish of Kilfaughnabeg, barony of East Carbery, at the same time. Some of William's family settled in Natal in the late 19th century. Richard's younger brother, Kyrle, married Susanna, daughter and heiress of Joshua Dowe of Coolroe, Ballincollig and Clashenure, Ovens, county Cork. Their descendants are still living at Clashenure. At the time of Griffith's Valuation the representatives of Kyrle Allen held land in the parish of Athnowen. Through the 1867 marriage of Alfred William Allen and Sarah Jane Philpot, the Philpot property of Mount Zephyr, Cullen, Millstreet, county Cork passed to the Allens. In November 1869 the estate of William Cocks Allen at Rowls Allen, barony of Duhallow, was advertised for sale. It was held under a lease dated 1758, Boyle Aldworth to Philip Allen for three lives renewable for ever. Property owned by William Allen was sold in the Landed Estates Court in November 1870. The purchasers were Messers. O'Callaghan and Murphy. In the 1870s Kyrle Allen of Clashanure owned 562 acres in county Cork. Other Allen family members owned similar acreages including the Reverend James Allen of Creagh, Skibbereen, (Liscongill family) 404 acres.
Gibbings (Gibbings Grove) -
This family were Elizabethan settlers in the Shanagolden area of county Limerick. Two brothers were given grants of lands in the barony of Orrery and Kilmore, county Cork in the 1660s. Richard Gibbings held an estate in the parish of Kilbolane, barony of Orrery and Kilmore, at the time of Griffith's Valuation and Bartholomew and Jonathon Gibbings held land in the parishes of Kilbrin and Tullylease, barony of Duhallow. The estate of Bartholomew Gibbings and others at Marybrook, barony of Duhallow was advertised for sale in May 1860 and the life interest of Richard Gibbings in the 1,147 estate of Gibbings Grove was for sale in July 1862. The estate of Robert Edward Gibbings at Ballydeague and Kilnahoura, over 1,200 acres in the barony of Fermoy, was advertised for sale in April 1862. The Irish Times reported in May 1862 that some of these lots had been sold to Messers. Howe, Dillon and Bruce. A further 1,100+ acres at Gortroche, barony of Fermoy, was offered for sale in June 1871. Some of this property was sold to W. Litterdale while the sale of the remainder was adjourned. In the 1870s the Reverend Richard Gibbings of Gibbing’s Grove owned 1,340 acres in county Cork, while his uncle Robert Edward Gibbings of America (Burke's 1904 records him having settled in Argentina) and formerly of Curraglass House, Charleville, owned 764 acres. Curryglass House and 488 acres, the estate of Robert E. Gibbings, were advertised for sale in January 1874. Reverend Gibbings was resident in Wales by the early 20th century. His cousins, Reverend Richard Gibbings, Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Trinity College, Dublin, held an estate in county Mayo and Jonathon Gibbings of Cork held land in counties Cork and Limerick in the 1870s.
Fitzgerald (Castle Ishen) -
Burke indicates that this family assumed a baronetcy on the basis of their descent from the Fitzgeralds of Clenglish, who were granted a baronetcy in 1644. The dignity was not assumed after the death of the 1st Baronet until the succession of Sir Richard Fitzgerald as 6th Baronet in the mid 18th century. The Fitzgeralds were resident at Castle Lishen/Ishen, near Milford, county Cork, from the mid 17th century. The estate was one of the principal lessors in the parish of Ballinadee, barony of East Carbery, at the time of Griffith's Valuation. The Fitzgeralds also held land in the parishes of Kilbolane and Tullylease, barony of Orrery and Kilmore and Killaspugmullane, barony of Barrymore. Sir Gerald Fitzgerald 10th Baronet owned 1,190 acres in county Cork and some land in county Tipperary in the 1870s while the representatives of his brother Sir James Fitzgerald 9th Baronet owned over 300 acres in county Cork. [A Lady Fitzgerald, England, is recorded as owning 2,054 acres in county Cork in the 1870s (see owners of 1 acre return 1876 and Hussey) and Lady A. H. Fitzgerald is recorded as owning 2,184 acres (see return of perpetual lease holders 1876). James 8th Baron Fitzgerald of Castle Ishen married Augusta Harriet Fremantle, sister of Lord Cottesloe, she died 1863. The widow of the 9th Baron became a Sister of Charity and died in 1875].
The baronetcy became extinct in 1894 following the death of the 10th Baron. In 1853 his sister Cecilia had married the Marquess Serlupi of Italy and the Castle Ishen estate was in her possession at the beginning of the 20th century.
Boyle (Earl of Cork and Orrery) -
Richard Boyle was created 1st Earl of Cork in the 1620s. The Earl of Cork’s main estates were in counties Cork and Waterford but the estate also owned significant property in county Kerry, including lands in the baronies of Corkaguiny and Dunkerron South. Smith indicates that these were purchased from John Chapman and John Stone, the original grantees after the Desmond rebellion. Roger Boyle, a younger son of the 1st Earl of Cork, was created Earl of Orrery in 1660 and was granted lands in counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick and Kilkenny in 1666 amounting to almost 14,000 acres. Roger's great grandson, John Boyle, 5th Earl of Orrery, succeeded as 5th Earl of Cork in 1753. At this time the Lismore estate and estates in England, previously part of the Boyle estate, passed to the Cavendish family. In 1748 William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington and later 4th Duke of Devonshire, married Charlotte Boyle, only surviving child of the 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork. The Earls of Shannon descend from a younger brother of Roger, 2nd Earl of Orrery. Richard Boyle 1st Earl of Cork had been succeeded by his son Richard [who was the 2nd Earl of Cork and 1st Earl of Burlington]. It was his grandson Richard, 4th Earl, who died without male heirs in 1753. The Lismore Castle Papers now in the National Library contain extensive documentation relating to the Earl of Cork's Irish estates in the first half of the 18th century. In 1840, the Ordnance Survey Name Books indicate that some of the Boyle estate in the barony of Corkaguiny, county Kerry, was leased to Clara Hussey and that Daniel Leahy acted as agent. At the time of Griffith’s Valuation, the O’Connell property at Derrynane was being leased from this estate by Maurice O’Connell. In the mid 19th century the Earl of Cork's county Cork estate was in the parishes of Kilbrin, Knocktemple, Tullylease and Clonmeen, barony of Duhallow, Ballyhay, Rathgoggan and Shandrum, barony of Orrery and Kilmore, St Marys Shandon, barony of Cork. In the 1870s, when the Earl’s main address was at Frome in Somerset, England, his property in Kerry amounted to over 11,500 acres as well as over 20,000 acres in county Cork and 3,000 acres in county Limerick. His county Limerick estate was in the parishes of Askeaton, barony of Connello Lower, Cloncagh, barony of Connello Upper, Kilmoylan and Robertstown, barony of Shanid and Hacymys, barony of Coshma. Over 1100 acres of the Earl's estate in Kerry, including the Blasket Islands, was acquired by the Congested Districts Board in 1907. The Boyle family, Earls of Cork, acquired some of the O'Hara lands in county Sligo in the 17th century. Some of these were later sold in the early 18th century to pay the debts of Charles Boyle, 3rd Earl of Cork.