A Richard Rutledge held land in counties Roscommon and Mayo early in the 17th century and it is probable that he was the ancestor of the Ruttledges in county Mayo. The Westport Estate Papers document a Peter Ruttledge in the parish of Shruel on the Galway/Mayo border in the 1660s. At the beginning of the 18th century the Ruttledge family were located in the area around Headford, county Galway, where three children of Andrew and Olivia Rutledge were buried between 1698-1705, their gravestones are among those that pave the aisle of the old Protestant church. Three sons of Andrew and Olivia Ruttledge settled in county Mayo in the early 18th century. They were Peter Ruttledge of Cornfield, James of Tawnaghmore and Andrew of Foxford. Their eldest son Thomas of Headford, had a son William a soap boiler in Hollymount who founded the Ballyhowly and Carravilla branches of the family.
John Ryder, Archbishop of Tuam 1752-1775, had a son the Reverend Charles Dudley Ryder, Provost of Tuam, who married Elizabeth Catherine Charnel, heiress to Snareston Hall, Leicestershire. Their daughter Katherine married Samuel Madden of Hilton Park, Clones, county Monaghan.